Tuesday, August 22, 2006

Vedic Wisdom

“sanksipya caturo vedams caturdha vyabhajat prabhuh vyasta-vedataya khyato veda-vyasa iti smrtah”
“The prabhu (master, lord, guru) who is most intelligent then divided the Vedas into four. He therefore became known as Veda Vyasa.”

He codified the Veda, the compilation of which was initiated by Maharshi Angiras two millennia back, into four divisions ( 1131 Sakhas or Recensions divided into Rik (21 sakhas), Yajur(101=85+16 sakhas), Sama (1000 sakhas) and Atharva Veda (9 sakhas). For further re-organization and editing he entrusted the Books to his trusted disciples:

Rig Veda - Paila
Yajur Veda - Vaisampayana
Sama Veda - Jaimini
Atharva Veda - Sumantu

21(Rig)+101(yazur)+1000(Sama)+9(Atharv)=1131 Vedic branches had 1131 Samhitas, 1131 Brahmanas, 1131 Arynaks and 1131 Upanishads. These 1131x4 = 4524 scriptures together came to be known as Vedic wisdom.

But only the following parts are available now.

Rigveda (21)

Samhitas : Sakala, Bashkala
Brahmanas : Aitareya, Kaushitaka
Aranyakas : Aitareya, Kaushitaka
Upanishads : AitareyaKrishna

YajurVeda (85)

Samhitas : Taittiriya, Maitrayaniya, Katha, Kapisthala
Brahmanas : Taittiriya
Aranyakas : Taittiriya
Upanishads : Taittiriya

Shukla YajurVeda (16)
Samhitas : Madhyandina, Kanva
Brahmanas : Satapatha
Aranyakas : Brihadaranyaka
Upanishads : Brihadaranyaka, Isa
SamaVeda (1000)
Samhitas : Kauthuma, Jaiminiya, Ranayaniya
Brahmanas : Tandya, Chandogya, Talavakara (part)/ Jaiminiya
Aranyakas : Jaiminiya
Upanishads : Kena, Chandogya
AtharvanaVeda (9)
Samhitas : Saunakiya, Paippalada (part)
Brahmanas : Gopatha (part)
Aranyakas : ...
Upanishads : Prasna, Mundaka, Mandukya

4 Comments:

At Saturday, September 23, 2006 1:05:00 AM, Blogger Ed Viswanathan said...

Namasthe Shri. Venkata Subbaiah Bathula.

1. I am looking for an excellent book on each Vedas right from Rig Veda. Which will you recommend.

2. Do you in what verse and in what chapter of the Rig Veda for the very first time, the word BRAHMAN was mentioned. You may wonder why I am asking this question. I am asking this question, since Rig Veda discusses about 33 gods. I wanted to know the exact verse where the change from MANY GODS to ONE GOD -BRAHMAN appeared in Rig Veda.

3. I wanted to know where exactly the following verse appear in Vedas.

'Prajapathi vai idam agra asit' (In the beginning was Prajapathi, the Brahman):

'Tasya vak dvitiya asit' (With whom was the Word):

'Vag vai Paraman Brahma' (And the Word was verily the Supreme Brahman).**

Thanking you in advance.

 
At Saturday, September 23, 2006 1:20:00 AM, Blogger Ed Viswanathan said...

Namasthe Shri. Venkata Subbaiah Bathula.

1. I am looking for an excellent book on each Vedas right from Rig Veda. Which will you recommend?

2. Do you know in what verse and in what chapter of the Rig Veda for the very first time, the word BRAHMAN was mentioned?

You may wonder why I am asking this question. I am asking this question, since Rig Veda discusses about 33 gods.

I wanted to know the exact verse where the change from MANY GODS to ONE GOD -BRAHMAN appeared in Rig Veda.

3. I wanted to know where exactly the following verse appear in Vedas.

'Prajapathi vai idam agra asit' (In the beginning was Prajapathi, the Brahman):

'Tasya vak dvitiya asit' (With whom was the Word):

'Vag vai Paraman Brahma' (And the Word was verily the Supreme Brahman).**

Thanking you in advance.

12:35 PM

 
At Thursday, March 01, 2007 10:03:00 AM, Blogger radhika said...

wow..great info.thanks.

 
At Thursday, February 05, 2009 10:21:00 AM, Anonymous Sunil Chelluri said...

mama Blog is too good
naaku ninne Gurava gadu pampadu
nuvvu regular ga post chesthe follow avutanu

 

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